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 GENERAL INFORMATION

The Inter-Andean Region is the country’s geographical heartland, lying between the two major chains of the Andes mountains - the Western Chain [Cordillera Occidental] and the Eastern Chain [Cordillera Oriental]. The Eastern Chain is wider and higher, although Chimborazo [6.267 metres], the highest mountain in Ecuador, is part of the Western Chain. The highest active volcano in the world is the Ecuadorian Cotopaxi, reaching 5,897 metres.

This high, rolling plateau runs North-South between the Coastal and the Amazon regions and includes what the German Explorer, Alexander Von Humboldt named "The Valley of the Volcanoes". In this valley lies Quito, the capital of Ecuador.

The climate varies according to the altitude. Throughout the year a subtropical climate prevails on the Andean valleys. At higher altitudes it is spring-like and at night it gets quite cold. In Quito the temperature ranges from 7°C [55°F] at night, to 26°C [78°F] at noon, averaging 15°C [64°F].

The Inter-Andean region is home to extensive farming, ranching and in the last decade an impressive development of flower plantations. In addition you'll find traditional cultural and handicrafts centres like Quito, where local and foreign firms have developed greatly in terms of trade and finance. Quito is also Ecuador’s produce centre, with many food, textiles, timber and consumer goods factories.

Last updated 4th July 2006

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