Ecuador is one the planet's top 17 most biologically diverse nations. The nation's drastic geographic and climatic variations have led to evolution of thousands of species of flora and fauna
, most of which thrive in habitats protected by the State and by private organizations.
Despite its tiny size, Ecuador is home to rain forests
, jungles, mountains, islands, deserts, valleys, and snowcapped peaks. One of its main attractions is the Galapagos Archipelago
and its marine reserve
, which contain endemic species unique to the area.